The psychological factors are decisive in obtaining valuable performances in the great competition when facing athletes with a high level of technical, tactical and physical training.
The popularity of sport psychology, both as an academic discipline and an applied practice, has grown substantially over the past two decades. Few within the realm of competitive athletics would argue with the importance of being mentally prepared prior to an athletic competition as well as the need to maintain that particular mindset during a competitive contest.
Psychological training includes a set of general and special measures of additional care, which must allow the natural or trained features of the athlete’s psyche to perform at his best in competition.
Psychological training is necessary, because during training all the energy is engaged in the personality of an athlete and without his consciousness participation, without mental training, thinking, or his passions, interest, without coping with the efforts of will, the expected performances are not possible.
Psychological training also forms the sporting capacity of a single rule, conduct, self-form and the development of the sporting capacity of a difficult arrangement to allow their activities, to mobilize physical and mental resources to allow the opportunity, bringing in time, an important contribution to a wide and varied adaptation of the complete behaviors of the athlete to the changing in the unusual situations of the competition.
Increasing competition from international sports competitions makes it necessary to constantly improve all the components of training high-performance athletes.
The aspects of the psychological preparation of the athletes for competitions, their capacity to withstand the tension of the competition, to resist the psychic overload, to concentrate their efforts and to obtain the best results are becoming more and more important. A particularly important psychological factor that must be taken into account in preparing athletes for the competition is pre-competitive anxiety.
The ability to cope with psychological pressure and anxiety is an important part of playing sports, especially when it comes to high performance athletes.
Pre-competition anxiety is a state of arousal, perceived as unpleasant or negative that occurs 24 hours before the competition. The worries associated with pre-competitive annexation are manifested not only at the mental level, but also at the level of the whole organism. Physiological changes offer many landmarks, such as muscle tension, butterflies in the stomach, the desire to urinate and dry mouth, which suggests that the athlete no longer has control. Thoughts become self-focused on defense mechanisms and have a negative value.
However, the degree to which they influence performance is largely dependent on the interaction of the athlete’s uniqueness with the competitive situation.
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