The Self-efficacy Concept

Self-efficacy

Do you ever wander what it takes to be the best in your performance? Is mental toughness enough or do you need extra understanding of processes to get ahead of your team-mates, other teams or simply ahead? 

Well, one answer is that people need self-efficacy to achieve performance in whatever they do. But what is self-efficacy and how can one obtain it? 

Perceived self-efficacy is, according to Bandura, ”people’s beliefs about their capabilities to produce designated levels of performance that exercise influence over events that affect their lives”.  So, self-efficacy is the capability to produce levels of performance that affect goals in one’s life. 

Sources for self-efficacy are important in our thinking.

 Bandura (1995) suggests the following four sources:

  • A mastery experience: achieving success in situations where there are high levels of demand. Generally over time, with effort and sufficient challenge successfully met, self-efficacy is developed.
  • Vicarious experience: observing people demonstrating mastery; if a learner believes they are similar have similar knowledge and skills, then a vicarious experience can prompt the learner to feel more self-efficacious.
  • Verbal persuasion: encouragement and positive feedback can contribute to self-efficacy. The encouragement that is important in self-efficacy is recognition of making appropriate attempts and persevering rather than getting a correct answer.
  • Physiological and emotional states influence self-efficacy: someone who regards mathematics with apprehension will not feel self-efficacious and conversely, helping someone overcome their anxieties will help them to become more self-efficacious.

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Bibliography 

  • Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. In V. S. Ramachaudran (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 71-81). New York: Academic Press. (Reprinted in H. Friedman [Ed.], Encyclopedia of mental health. San Diego: Academic Press, 1998) 

4 comments

    1. Self efficacy refers one’s belief in one’s ability to succeed in specific situations or accomplish a task.

      If you go by this definition it actually indicates it how one looks at the task, and BELIEFS if he can DO the task.

      So it is LEARNT, if you go by bandura experiments and theories, he was a pioneer of observational learning. His all theories is based on simple logic that HUMAN BEINGS LEARN BY OBSERVATION. Hence anything can be developed changed by mere power of observation.

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