Anxiety is a complex system of cognitive, affective, physiological, and behavioral responses, that is activated when anticipated events or circumstances are considered particularly aversive because they are perceived as unpredictable, uncontrollable, events that may threaten the vital interests of a individual.
Anxiety disorders are included in the group of psychiatric disorders because they can alter a person’s behavior so much that the individual can’t longer lead a normal life. In the absence of special treatment, patients can’t control their permanent state of fear and concern, even in the absence of a real reason.
Symptoms of anxiety
- Fear, worry, agitation, irritability, difficulty concentrating, fatigue;
- Feeling of choking, thirst, feeling hot, dry mouth, nodule in the throat, pressure / chest pressure, hyperventilation, palpitations;
- “Numbness” in the body / limbs, muscle contractions, tremor;
- Headaches, dizziness, sweating, waves of heat;
- Nausea, vomiting, abdominal colic, accelerated intestinal transit;
What Are Anxiety Disorders?
They are characterized by constant and overwhelming anxiety that influences everyday life that prevents us from performing our activities effectively.
Types of anxiety disorders according to DSM-5
- Specific phobia
- Social anxiety disorder (social phobia)
- Panic disorder / panic attack
- Generalized anxiety disorder
- Severe anxiety disorder
- Induced substance / drug-induced anxiety disorder
- Anxiety disorder due to other medical conditions
- Other anxiety disorders specified
- Anxiety disorder not specified
Diseases associated with anxiety
- Irritable colon
- Sleep disorder
- Disturbing disorder
Research made on Anxiety Disorders revealed that “are the most commonly encountered health mental problems globally. Studies conducted on adolescents (for example, Kathleen Merikangas’s JAACAP study in 2010), as in adults (for example, Ronald Kessler’s JAMA study in 2005) show that the prevalence of life-long anxiety disorder is approx. 30%. The evolution of anxiety disorders is chronic, and in the absence of proper treatment, people suffer major long-term costs such as: increased somatic disease and high comorbidity with other mental health problems (eg depression, abuse of alcohol or other substances) increased disability, academic failure, unemployment or low performance at work. ”
Psychopharmacological treatment has a high rate of response and avoids anxiolytic medication (especially benzodiazepine), antidepressant (the first being ISSR – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors.) The lowest doses that control the clinical picture of the patient are generally used.
Cognitive–behavioral psychotherapy targets cognitive techniques (centered on patient’s thoughts, cognitive restructuring) and behavioral techniques (exposure to anxiety, social competence training, control and anxiety behavior).
Psychoeducation contributes to the good information of the patient and his family about anxiety disorders, treatment modalities and evolution over time.
We know that the first step to solving a problem, is to identify it. But you do not have to do it yourself, if you don’t want to. All you need to do is to call a specialist. They exist to guide you, in your process of regaining control over your life. Be brave, you are not alone !
Did you or a loved one struggled with depression, anxiety or any this symptoms ?